Wednesday, November 2, 2016

Kashmiri Hindus burn the effigy of Separatists on the eve of Vijaydashmi

On the eve of VijayDashmi, the whole world was busy burning the effigy of Ravana. Kashmiri Pandits did the same but there was a twist instead of burning the effigy of Ravana, they burned the effigy of Kashmiri Separatists. Hundreds of Kashmiri Pandits assembled at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi and then while addressing the crowd, Abhishek Thatho who is a member of ‘Roots in Kashmir’, (a Kashmiri Pandit organisation) said that today they are burning the effigy of Syed ali shah geelani, Yasin Malik, and Bitta Karate. He said that these are the Ravanas of today and like Ravana they are evil. So on the eve of Vijaydashmi we are burning the effigy of these ‘Ravans.’

After burning the effigy of Kashmiri seperatists, they thanked the Indian Defence Forces who they call ‘Rama’ of this Ramayan. They also paid their Obeisance to those Soldiers who attained martyrdom while fighting the Jihadists in Kashmir.

They also appealed Indian Government to provide security to those ‘Kashmiri Pandits’ who are in Kashmir and are the target of terrorists. They were referring to the Shopian shooting, where a Kashmiri Pandit was shot in the leg. He said it is the sinister plan of these Pakistan sponsored separatists to throw out rest of the Kashmiri Hindus from the valley.

Vijay Raina of Roots in Kashmir said, An attack on a Kashmiri Hindu is an attack on the Identity of India. Aroop Rayu of roots in Kashmir said that the land of Kashmir is the land of Shakti and they pray to Maa Durga to destroy the evil in Kashmir, so that the Kashmiri Pandits who has left Kashmir and now are living the life of Nomads will return back to Kashmi

When They Killed My Mom for being a Kashmiri Hindu 

In 1990 Kashmir witnessed the Genocide of Kashmiri Hindus, the target killing of Kashmiri Hindus started in 1989 with the killing of ‘Tika Lal Taploo’ and continued till the massacre of 24 Kashmiri Hindus in Nadimarg. My ‘Maa’ ‘Teja Dhar’ was among those unfortunate Kashmiri Pandits who were killed in Kashmir because of only fault of their’s, for being ‘Kaffir’.

It was 30th June 1990 ‘Haar ashtami’ day, my mother and father had finished with their food. My father’s name is Roop Krishen Dhar and he was a Labour officer at that time. After having his meal he went for a stroll outside and went to his friends house. My mother along with our elderly neighbour was at home. Around 7:30-8:00 pm some persons came to our home and we’re looking for my father. They shouted for my father. My mom did not open the door instead she urged that she is alone at home and they could meet my father the next day. Instead of this they broke open our gate and came inside searching for my father. They searched him everywhere and made a mess of our place. When they were unable to find my father they went near our elderly neighbour and slapped him hard on his face thrice. My mom began shouting that “Buddha ha morukh”. (Old men has been beaten).

Meanwhile the terrorists began moving to our main door when one among them, who was hardly at a distance from my mom, shot her thrice. The bullets hit my mom’s abdomen And she started bleeding. After this the terrorist’s surrounded our entire mohalla so that they could harm my father also. But my fathers friend had heard this and did not allow my father to move out. Finally at almost 10 pm the terrorists moved from our place and my fathers friend and my father had a chance to come home. My father rushed to a hospital and asked for ambulance and the idiotic doctors told him to report the case first as it was a police case. My father then rushed to Mahrajgunj police station, lodged a FIR, and then with a help of ambulance rushed my mother to the state hospital. In between all this the time was simply running out and it was almost 12 am when my mother was shifted to hospital. She had lost so much of blood till that time. My father got busy with the hospital and police formalities and after some time he saw my mother was left behind unattended and doctors were just asking her the details of how she got shot and all. My father screamed at the doctors that till now they should have operated upon her instead of asking her the nasty questions.

The Doctors who were also sympathetic towards terrorists, gave lame excuses that they did not have blood etc. Then they shifted my mother to the OT wherein my father firmly believes that my mother was not operated. Till 8 in the morning my mom was fighting death. She wanted to see me. My father had sent me Jammu early as these terrorists used to kidnap young girls. I was her only child whom she longed to see. But she could not fight with the destiny and these morons (Doctors). She succumbed to her injuries at 8:00 am. My father with the help of army personnel’s performed her last rites there only. I could not see my mothers dead body. After the last rites my father was sent to some hotel, and once my mothers Asti visarjan was done my father left for Jammu where me and rest of the family members were mourning my mothers death.

I was just in 6th standard when they snatched my mother away from me. It is still hard for my family and me to believe that mom is not there. My Maasi (Aunty) is still in a state of shock. Many a times she asks my father that if really my mother has been killed.

Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Hizb should not use Kashmiri Pandits to further its separatist agenda

Kashmir is on the boil. It has been that way for decades now. After Burhan Wani’s death on July 8, and the consequent actions and reactions to it in the Valley, it feels as if someone has turned up the volume.

And now suddenly there is some buzz about a video by Wani’s possible successor, young Hizbul Mujahideen leader Zakir Rashid Bhat. Newspaper reports claim that he has invited the “other” Kashmiris — the Pandits — to the Valley. He has also asked Sikhs seeking revenge for Operation Blue Star to join forces with him. It’s a strange bundling of invitations.

It is worth noting that Bhat, who is all of 22-years-old, is “inviting” the Pandits who were forced out of the Valley 26 years ago.

“The whole Kashmir movement is a jihadi movement for a Sharia-based Islamic republic. With world opinion strongly against the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, the separatists and terrorists are now trying to find ways to disguise the same as a freedom moment of all Kashmiris and not only Kashmiri Sunni Muslim. Calling the Pandits back to the Valley will make the whole fight look secular,” says Amit Raina, a leading voice in the Pandit community and an activist with Roots in Kashmir, a youth initiative for Kashmiri Pandits. Raina was 14 years old when he left the Valley.

“The Hizbul invite is like a black widow spider’s invitation — be nice, entice and annihilate once trapped. It was the same Hizbul that had assured the Pandits at Wandhama before selling them out to the Lashkar-e-Taiba leading to death of 23 Pandits. So the invitation can be ignored without a second thought,” he adds.

“The context of Bhat’s invitation is in the ignominy of Hindu genocide in the Kashmir valley. This invitation is a desperate attempt to look and sound civilised,” says Sushil Pandit, an activist.

Bhat is reported to have said, “They [Pandits] should look at those Pandits who have been living in the Valley. Did they face any problems here?” Kashmiris in the Valley are living through horrific times. These invitations — which are sometimes given a secular flavour and otherwise a nationalist note — make a mockery of the Pandits, and their suffering.

When Arvind Gigoo left the Valley in 1990, he was teaching in a college in Anantnag. “Return is next to impossible. No Kashmiri Pandit will go back. Bhat has an agenda. Nobody takes us seriously, we are a useless community,” says the retired professor in a bitter tone.

My father, Chaman Lal Sapru, also a retired professor, recounts those days before the exodus. “How can one forget the headline in Alsafa [a weekly magazine]— ‘KPs should leave in 10 days’, or the cries of ‘rallev, challev ya mariv’ (Become part of us, run away or die)!” says the octogenarian. “Farooq Abdullah and his family ran away to London. He did nothing to stop the Pandits.”

Time and the way many Pandits look at this are relative. For those who were forced to leave the Valley the events of 1990 seemed like they happened just yesterday. The intensity of the pain has not diminished.

But for many born outside the Valley, Kashmir is just a familiar word. Lenesh Matoo, a 24-year-old TV actor in Mumbai, has only been to Kashmir thrice. He would like to “visit” home, but doesn’t want to go there to live and earn a living.

So the message to Bhat, or anyone who from time to time comes with special promises for Pandits, is simple: Leave it alone, the time for all this has passed.

For the Pandits, Kashmir is always home. It will be, irrespective of where we are. And to return home, we don’t need to support anyone’s agenda.

Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Chronology of Kashmira Kings — Kings who ever ruled Kashmir.... by Ravinder Kaul

The History we should be aware of :
The list is compiled from the historian Kota VenkataChalam, and is entirely composed from the unedited version of Kalhana’s Rajatarangni, with additional sources he identifies in the text on Chronology of Kashmira Kings. In particular he consults certain Puranas and a history of Kashmir in Persian written by a Muslim Chronichler. The Muslim chronicler has identified the names of the 35 missing names in Kalhana’s Rajatarangni. It turns out that Gonanda II was killed by Parixshita, and rules Kashmir from Hastinapur. Later his second Son rules Kashmir from Kashmir itself.
Chronology of Kashmira Kings, as reported by Kota Venkatachela, obtained from Kalhanas Rajatarangini, original versions, not the so called critical edition of Stein. Where Kota Venkatachalam points out that the verses 1.49, 1.50, 1.5,1 and 1.54 have been corrupted and modified. As a proof he shows how these four verses are not in consonance in 1.56 and in the other portions of the book including the Tanranga 1, of Rajatarangani. He has also pointed one or two more shalokas of the Rajatarangini, which he shows are also either corrupted, or intentional changed in the critical edition. So that the overall chronology would fit the chronology of the Maghada kings given by another suspect manipulation of Purana chronology. That falsification was carried out, by misidentifying Chandragupta of Maurya dynasty as contemporary of Alexander of Greeks. He claims that it is Chandragupta of Gupta dynasty that is contemporary of the Alexander, as the four names he gives match the names from Candragupta of Gupta dynasty and the King of rwhome Chandragupta of the gupta dynasty worked as Senapati. He credibly shows by the following argument The names given by the Greek chronicler Magesthanese of Indian kings are Xandrames, Snadrocottus, Sandrocyptus. The The European scholars identify these names with Maha padma Nanda, Chandragupta and Bindusara or Amitraghata (mother name of Bindu-Sara of the Mauraya Dynasty of Maghada mentioned in the puranas. Venkatachalam maintains that this identification is wrong, as two of the Kings do not match the first and the third King. Instead these match with Chandramas (also known as Chandrasri and ChandrabIja) who was the last King of Andhra dynasty removed by his army commander, who followed Bhima. His name was Changdragupta of Gupta dynasty, and his son Samudragupta of Gupta dynasty. The simple comparison of the names shows you that the names chronicled by Greek match the Gupta dynasty names and not the Maurya dynasty names. This mistake has taken out about 1240 years from the Indian history and neglected, as it is taught today. This change would cause dis-consonance with the Kashmir history, so Kashmir history was also impacted by the same 1200+ years.
Here I will give the List of Kashmir Kings starting with four generation prior to Gonanda-I.
The Kalhana had about 12 previous histories with him, as he says. He wrote the Rajtarangini, as later chroniclers who had compiled from the past histories, had introduced supernatural and non-historical elements in it. So he is reason to write was to weed those falsehoods, keep the historical portions from those and verify these with archeological sources available to him. From Goanada to Gonanda III Kings spanned 2268 years.There were 52 Kings Kings after Gonanda II and prior to Gonanda III. He could locate 17 of these, 4 from Neelamuni (Neelamata PuraNA), Padma Mihira wrote about history of 8 of these lost Kings, Sri ChchavillakAra wrote about 5 of these missing Kings. It seems Venkatchella located 35 of the remaining Kings from Mulla Ahemds history of Kashmir, written in Persian. However notice that Kashmir Gonanda was contemporary and related to Jarashndha of Maghada. And was killed in Mathura by BalarAma, when he along with Jarasndha attacked Mathura. We also have 4 generations before Gonanda I, whose names we do not now, but were contemporaries of the ancestors of ancestors of Jarasandha. So the Kashmir history starts about couple of hundred years prior to Mahabharata war, i.e prior to 3138 BC.
Kota Venkatachalam says that prior to Stein, Mr. M Troyer had translated Rajtarangni in French. He had raised objection to the Buhler and Steins chronology of Kashmir Kings along with some other historians from Europe, by pointing out the errors in the chronology presented by Stein and Buhler about Kashmir Kings. He had also pointed the corresponding error on the chronology of MAghada Kings to Max Muller. His letter to Max-Muller was noted by Max-Muller, who writes that, “Although other Scholars, particularly M. Troyer, in his edition of the Rajatarangni, have raised objections, we shall see that the evidence in favor of the identity of Chandragupta and Sandrocyptus is such as to admit of no reasonable doubt” reports Kota Venkatachalam. The above quote is quoted by Kota Venkatachalam from the following reference. (Vide PP.3-8 of the Max Mullers history of Ancient Sanskrit Literature Ed. 1859 & The Alllahabad Edition, PP. 141 – 148)
Kalhana says that the Gonanda dynasty ruled for 2268 years prior to Gonanda III. That gives us, with Gonanda III being present in 1182 BC, the total time period Gonanda dynasty period 2268 Years +1182 = 3450 BC. With Gonanda II being 1 year s of age at Mahabharata war, that occurs in 3138 BC. This implies that prior to Gonanda II, the Gonandas were ruling for (3450 – 3138- 1) = 311 years. We know when Gonanda II dies as we know when the war on Mathura by Jarasndha took place. Assuming that to be 100 years, tells us the ancestors of Damodra I ruled Kashmir for 2100 years prior to Domodra I. We don’t know their names. But from the reckoning of Kalhana, that Gonanada’s ruled for 2668 years prior to Giannada II, we come to this conclusion.
The conclusion is imputed from the data, even though we do not have the names of these ancestors of Gonanda I. I have assumed, along with Vekatachalam, that Kalhana did not make any mistake, as he had taken the period from the older texts of Kashmiri Historians.
Chronology of the Kings of Kashmir: The history of Kashmir starts with 3450 BC:
7 epochs of Kashmir History until Kalhana
1. First starts in Starts from 3450 BC on wards to 3083 BC when Gonanda II was killed by Mahraja Parixshita the grand Son of Arjuna the Pandava of Mahabharata fame
2. 3083 BC – 1596 BC (pandava dynasty through the second Son of Parixshit rules
3. 1596 – 1182 BC Gonanda II dynasty
4. 1182 BC onwards
5. 14 to 19 AD
6. 1012 to 1027 AD
7. 1148 AD onwards
0. Predecessors of Gonanda I (Started in about 3450 BC to 3238 BC ; 374 – 162 yrs before SaptaRishi Samvat Gonanda dynasty ruled for 2330 years, Assuming 5 Generations before Gonanda I , Kalhana mentions the 5 Kings who were ancestors of Ginanda I, were known However their names were not available.) starting from Goianada I
1. GONANDA I 3238 BC – 3188 BC; 162-112 Yrsbefore SaptaRishi Samvat)(Related to Jarasndha was kiled by Balrama when he joined his brother in law Jarasndha and attacked mathura) PreMahabharata War, within Dvapara Yuga, as Kali started in 3102 BC, after the MahabhArata war.
2. Damodara I 3188-3140 BC; 62-112 Yrs before SaptaRishi Samvat Went with Large army to interfere in the Svayamvara of Gandhara King her Sindhu, and was killed by Krishna, It is said that he was a Poet.
3. Yeshovati 3140 – 3139.5 BC; 64 – 63.5 Yrs 62-112 Yrsbefore SaptaRishi Samvat (wife of 2 & Mother of 4; he wife of Damodara I, and mother of Gonnda II) Pre-Mahabharata War
4. Gonanda II 3139.5 B – 3083 BC; (a newly born prince was one year old,was put on throne by Krishna with Yeshomati in charge as queen) Mahabharata was fought… He was Killed by Prixhit King os Hastinapur in 3083 BC. As Gonanda II had left no-heir, Parixshit incorporated Kashmir as part of his kingdom. He ruled it for 40 years)
5. To 39 Names of the Kings not known to Kalhana Mulla Ahmad’s history of Kashmir written in Persian language gives the list of Lost 35 Kings of Kashmir from 5 to 39th King 5 Parixshit 3083 – 3041BC (Son of Abhymanyu of Parixshi Pandava King of Hastinapur rules from Hastinapur. At his death passed the kingdom to his second Son Heranadeva)
6 Heranadeva 3041 BC – ?? ; 7 yrs-35 yrs 62-112 Yrs SaptaRishi Samvat ; (The Second Som of Parixshit grandSon of Arjuna Pandava-Kuru)
7. Ramadeva
8 VyAsadeva
9 Drunadeva
10 Simhadeva
11 Gopaladeva
12 Vijayannanda
13 Skhadeva
14 Ramananda
15 Sandhiman
16 Marhandeva and Kamadeva
17 Chandradeva
18 Anandadeva
19 Srpadadeva
20 Harnamdeva
21 Sulkandeva
22 SInaditya
(TOTAL OF 34 KINGS FROM 6 TO 39 RULED FOR 1289 YEARS (BL 3535 TO AL 1324 OR 3041 BC TO 1752 BC)
23. Mangaladitya
24. Khimendra
25 Bhimasena
26 Indrasena
27 Sundarasena
28 Galgendra
29 Baladeva
30 Nalasena
31 Gokarna
32 Prahalada
33 Bambru
34 Pratapaseela
35 Sangrama Chandra
36 Larika Chandra
37 Biramchandra
38 Bibighana
39 Bhagavanta —1752 BC; BL, 35 – AL 1324 (AL is After Laukika or Saptarishi samvat started)
(Total of 34 kings from 6 to 39 ruled for 1289 years (BL 3535 to AL 1324 or 3041 BC to 1752 BC)
(Kings given by Padma Mihira based on the chronicles of Hela Raja)
40. Lava 1742 BC – 1713 BC ; 1324 AL- 1368 AL
41. Kusa 1713 BC – 1674 BC; 1363 AL -142 AL
42. Khagendra 1674 BC – 1635 BC; 1402-1441 AL
43. Surendra 1635 BC – 1596 bC; 1441 – 1480 AL (Died with out any child)
44, Godhara 1596 – 1557 BC; 1480 – 1519 AL (New Kshatriya family takes over)
45. Suvarana 1557-1518 BC; 1519 -1558 AL
46. Janaka 1518 – 1479 BC; 1558 – 1597 AL
47. Sachinara 1479 – 1448 BC; 1597 – 1628 AL (His paternal Uncle was Sakuni of Gonanda dynasty)
(The list of the allowing 5 kings was given by Sri Chchavillakara)
48. Ashoka 1448 BC to 1400 BC (Gonanda Dynasty)
( The grand son, of Sakuni of gonanda dynast, is contemporary of the Ashoka Mauriya of Maghad 1472 to 1436 BC. European historians, nonchalantly claimed that the Ashoka of the Kashmir was the same Ashoka as that of Maghada. He lost the war to Malecha King, who occupied the throne and Ashoka fled to the forest. He became Buddhist and build the Srinagar, with 90 lakhs of houses, resplend with wealth. He too appears to have been a poet. )
49. Jalauka 1400 – 1344 BC; 1676 1732 AL (Son of Ashoka reconquered and ruled)
50. Damodara II 1344 – 1294 BC; 1676 – 1732 AL
51. Kanishka-Hushka-Jushka 1294 to 1234 BC; 1782 – 1842 Al (Ruled at the same time, in adjacent areas & were Turushka brothers; European historians put him at 78 AD. by claiming that Shalivahana never existed.
52. Abhimanyu (from Gonanada dynasty) 1234 – 1182 BC; 1842 – 1894 AL(reconquered it from the Kanishka)
53. Gonanda III 1182 – 1147 BC; 1894 – 1929 AL (Next 2330 years from Gonanda III to Kalhanas time in 1148 AD, about 2330 years) Kalhanas time is 1148 Ad, Sptarishi 4224 years and Kali 4249 years)
54. Vibhishana 1147 – 1092.5BC; 1929 – 1983.5 AL
55. Indrajit 1092.5 – 1057 BC; 1983.5 – 2019 AL
56, Ravana 1057 – 1027 BC; 2049 – 2049 AL
57. Vibhishana II 1027 – 991.5 BC; 2048 – 2084.5 AL
58. Kinnara / Nara 991.5 – 952 BC; 2084.5 – 2124 AL
59. Siddha 952 -892 BC; 2124 – 2184 AL
60 Utpalaksha 892 – 861.5 BC 2184 – 2214.5 AL
61. Hiranyaksha 861.5 – 824 BC 2214.5 – 2252 AL
62. Hiranyakula 824 – 764 BC; 2252 -2312 AL
63. Vasukula 764 – 704 BC; 2312 – 2252 AL
64. Mihirakula 704 – 634 BC; 2372 – 2442 AL
65. Baka 634 – 591 BC; 2442 – 2482 AL
66. Kshitinamdana 594 – 564 BC; 2512 – 2564 AL
67. Vasunamadana 564 – 512 BC; 252 – 2564 AL (He was a poet and authored Smara Shastra)
68. Nara 512 – 477 BC; 2564 – 2599 AL
69. Axsha 477 – 417 BC; 2599 – 2659 AL
70. Gopaditya 417 – 3357 BC; 2659 – 2719 Al (He built the temple of Shri Adi Shankaracharya in 367=366 BC. (He founded several temples and Agraharam. And he was a poet.)
71. Gokarana 357 – 322 BC; 2719 – 2754 AL
72. Kinkhila / Narendraditya 322 – 285 BC; 2754 – 2791 AL
73. Andha Yudhistra 275 – 272 BC; 2754 – 2791 AL
(He was called Andha Yudhistra by people because of his having small eyes; But he was not blind From Gonanda III to Andha Yudhishtra 910 years passed)
(Pratapaditya Dynastry) The Kings of Taranga II. Rajtarangani says that Pratapaditya, a relative of Vikramaditya was brought by the ministers from a distant land and placed on the throne of Kashmir 272 – 240 BC. Vikramaditya referred here must be Sri HRSHA VIKRAMADITYA OF UJJAIN 457 BC. KALHANA Says Vikramaditya mentioned here is not Sakari Vikramaditya of 57 BC.
74. Pratapaditya 272 – 240 BC; 2804 – 2836 AL
75. Jalaukasa 240- 208 BC; 2836 – 2868 AL
76. Tunjina 208 – 172 BC; 2868 – 2904 AL
77. Vijaya 172 – 164 BC; 2904 – 2912 Al
78. Jayendra 164 – 127 BC; 2912 – 2949 AL
79. Sandhimati 127 – 80 BC; 2949 – 2996 AL
——-END of Pratipaditya Dynasty–

(Dynasty of Andha Yudhistira who belonged to Gonanda dynasty from 80 BC – 252 AD, 10 Kings )
80. Meghavahana 80 – 46 AD; 2996 – 3030 AL
81. Pravarasena 46 – 16 BC; 3030 – 3060 Al or Shreshtasena or Tunjia
82. Hiranya 16 BC – 14 AD; 3060 – 3090 AL (Elder brother of toramana died issueless Toramana died in prison. His wife and son were in exile.)
83. Matrigupta 14-19 AD; 3090 – 3095 AL or 3152-3157 AL (he was sent by Vikramaditya of Ujjain as Kiing of Kashmir in 14 AD, 3152-3157 year since MB war, 3092-3097 Saptarishi samvat, Time from Gonanda III and to 83rd King Maitrigupta about 1201 years passed.)
84. Pravarasena II 19 – 79 AD; 3095 – 3155 Al (Toramana’s Son)
85. Yudhistrira II 79 – 118 AD; 3155 – 3194 AL (Contemporary of Salivahana, founder of Era 78 AD)
86. Laxshamana or 18 – 131 AD; 3194 – 3207 AL Narayanditya;
87. Tunjina or Ranaditya 131 – 171 AD; 3207 – 3249 AL (Poet)
88. Vikramaditya 173 – 215 AD; 3249 – 3291 AL
89. Baladitya 215 – 252 AD; 3291 – 3328 AL (Son in Law of Baladitya, the last of Gonanda King )
Total of 332 Years. END OF Gonanda  Dynasty
90. Durlabha Vardhana 252 – 288 AD; 3328 – 3364 AL (Son in Law of Baladitya; beginning of Karakota dynasty)
91. Durlabhaka 288 – 338 AD; 3364 – 3414 AL or Pratapaditya
92. Chandrapida 383 – 397 AD; 3414 – 3473 AL or Varanaditya
93. Tarapida 397 – 431 AD; 3473 – 3507 Al or Udayaditya 94. Lalitaditya 431 – 467 AD;3507 – 3543 AL or Muktapida
95. Kuvalayaditya 467 – 468 AD;3543 – 3544 AL
96. Vajraditya or Bapyatika or Lalitapida 468 – 525 AD;3544 – 3601 AL
97. Prithivyapida 525 – 569 AD;3601 – 3645 AL
98. Sangramapida 569+7days AD; 3645+7days AL
99. Jayapida 569 – 620 AD; 3645 – 3696 AL (pandit & poet)
100. Lalitapida 620 – 672 AD; 3696 – 3748 AL
101. Sangramaditya II 672 – 729 AD; 3748 – 3805 AL
102. Chipyata-jayapida 729 – 781 AD; 3805 – 3857 AL
103. Ajitapida 781 – 837 AD; 3857 – 3913 AL
104. Anangapida 837 – 840 AD; 3913 – 3916 AL
105. Utpalapida 840 – 845 AD; 3916 – 3921 AL
106. Sukhavarma 845 – 852 AD; 3921 – 3928 AL
TOTAL of 600 years. END OF Karakota Dynasty
107. Avantivarman 852 – 880 Ad; 3928 – 3956 AL (In his court flourished many a poets and dArshanikas)
108. Sankaravarman 880- 900 AD; 3956 – 3976 AL (Contemporary of Laiya Sahi, Brahman Kig of Yavanas, in Uttar Jyotisha & Divya Kataka, & Simhapura – now part of Afghanistan)
109. Gopalavarman 900 – 902 AD; 3976 – 3978 AL minor under mother Suganda
110. Sankata 902 – 903 AD; 3978 – 3979 AL
111. Sugandha
112. Suvarma 903 – 904 AD; 3979 – 3980 AL
113. Partha 904 – 918 AD; 3980 – 3994 AL
114. Nirjitavarma 918 – 920 Ad; 3994 – 3996 AL
115. Chakra Varma 920 – 934 A 3993 – 4010 AL (Murdered)
116. Unmattavanti 934 – 936 AD; 4010 – 4012 AL
Total 84 years —END OF Utpala Dynasty
117. Yasakara 936 – 945.5 Ad 4012 – 4021.5 AL
118. Varnata (1 Month)
119. Sangramadeva 945.5 – 946 AD 4021.5 – 4022 AL
120. Parvagupta 946 – 948 AD; 4022 – 4024 AL
121. Kshemagupta 948 – 957 AD; 4024 – 4033 AL
122. Abhimanyugupta 957 – 971 AD; 4033 – 4047 AL Minor ruled through Moother Didda
123. Nandigupta 971 – 972 AD; 4047 – 4048 Al Second son of Dida Minor
124. Trinhuvanagupta 972 – 974 AD; 4048 – 4050 AL Third Son of Didda & Minor
125. Bhimagupta 974 – 979 Ad; 4050 – 4055 AL 4th son of Didda Minor
126. Dida 979 – 1012 Ad; 4055 – 4088 AL (Didda herself reigned)
Total Reign 76 Years. END OF Brahman Dynasty
127. SangrAmaraja 1012-1027 AD; 4088-4013 AL (Nephew of Dita Devi and belonged to SatvAhana dynasty) contemporary of Trilochan Pala of Hindu Shahi dynasty of Punjab and Afghanistan who ruled till 1021 And killed by Mohammad Ghazni)
128. HariRaja 1012 – 1027 AD; 4088 – 4018 AL
129. Anantadeva 1027 – 1078 AD; 4108 – 4154 AL
130. Kalasa /Ranaditya 1078 – 1088 AD; 4154 – 4164 (Pandita and Poet so patron of Pandits and Poets)
131. Utkarsha 1088 – ; 4186 – 132. Harsha 1110 AD; 4196 AL
END OF Satvahana Dynasty
133. Uchchala 1110-1120 AD; 4186 – 4196 AL
134. Sankharaja
135. Susala 1120 – 1128 AD; 4196 – 4204 AL
136. Jayasimha. 1128 – 1148 AD; 4204 – 4224 AL
137. 1148 – 1295 AD;
139. Simha Deva 1295 – 1324 AD;
From 4th previous ancestor of Gonanda I to 1148 AD, Kalhanas time total of 4598 Years had elapsed with continuous saga of the Kings Of Kashmir.
We had, Gonanda Dynasty – Ist dynasty
Bharata of Pandava Dynasty rules 1487 years starting with Parixshit, Grand Son of Arjuna and ending with Surendra 1596 BC.
Gonanda Dynasty again
Gonanda II dynasty
Zulfi Kadar Khan apis Dulch, a descendent of Cruel Changez Khan family invaded Kashmir with 70 thousand cavalry men. He plundered the country, slaughtered innumerable men and women, young and old and carried away 50,000 Brahmanas as slaves/ Most of these captives while passing through the montain reof Deva Sar died of Snow Frost.
Simha Deva fled to Kishtiwar & his general Ramachandra escaped to Gajanjir.
140 Ramchandra: tries to pick us the threads after Dulcha left. But was killed by Rinchin from Tibet, married Ramchandr’s daughter, converted to Islam and thus started the conversion, killing and terror for Kashmir. He died after 25 years.
141 Rinchina 25 years. 1353 AD
142. Udayan Deva 1327 – 1343 AD (the brother of Simha Deva comes to power & dies.
143 Shamasudin (Shah mir) 1343 And rules for 4 years and died. Situation was relatively calm for Hindus.
144. Sultan Jamshed 1347 – 1348 AD (killed by his brother Alaudin Sher
145 Alaudin Sher 1348 – 1360
145. Sultan ShahuDin 1360 – 1378 With him began the era bigotry and horrible days for hindus. He had many temples razed
Here we end the Kalhan history. The details after Kalhana up to JayaSimha and from there forward, the Jonaraja picks up. This is when Islamic period was to start, and I have just given you the glimpses of that what was to come from that period till today.
At some stage I will add the Islamic period along with brief narration of atrocities, and miseries Hindus had to go through in Kashmir.
अस्मद्रूपसमाविष्ठ: स्वात्मनात्मानिवारणे शिव: करोतुनिजया नम: शक्त्या ततात्मन