Monday, August 11, 2008

A Pattern of Religious Cleansing


One Ajaz Ahmed, a regular visitor to our blog had mentioned that Syed Ali Hamdani or Shah-i-Hamadan as he is called by Kashmiri Muslims had defeated Hindus in an argument and thus his mosque was errected where a Kali Temple existed.Well History has a different take on the events.I am qouting mostly from Muslim Historians so as to prove how proud they were at the annihilation of the glorious Hindu History of Kashmir.

The purpose is not just to answer our friend Ajaz but also to let people know the truth.It will also prove how the policy of subjugation of the native Hindu popluation at the hands of Invading Islamic Zealots is a continous process of creating Darul Harb to Darul Islam and how this whole facade of ecology and demographic change is only a ploy to hide the wolf of Pan Islamization in the garb of a Green Sheep.



Most of the Muslim rulers destroyed temples thinking that they were doing a righteous act and were promoting Shariah by eliminating infidels(Kafir’s).Many thought that they were emulating Mohammed who also broke the idols of Kabba(a pagan place of worship then and a mosque now) .Iconoclasm in Kashmir was endorsed by the Amirs of the day,whether general Muslims supported it or not can be a matter of debate .There are examples galore to prove this point.In order to put this in perspective I am giving some references.

From Bahristan-i-Shahi“Sultan Shihabu'd-Din addressed himself to such works as would help him get peace in the world hereafter. He arranged a tomb and a burial place for himself to be used after his death. Towards the fag end of his life, he was infused with a zeal for demolishing idol-houses and destroying the temples and idols of the infidels. He destroyed the massive temple at Beejeh Belareh [31] (Bijbehara). He had designs to destroy all the temples and put an end to the entire community of the infidels.[32] ““Again it needs to be recorded that for some of the time which the holy Amir spent in Kashmir he lived in a sarai at 'Alau'd-Din Pora. At the site where his khanqah was built, there existed a small temple which was demolished and converted into an estrade on which he offered namaz (prayer) five times a day and recited portions of the Qur'an morning and evening. Sultan Qutbu'd-Din occasionally attended these congregational prayers.”“ [It may be recorded] that the temples of idol-worshippers, which had been destroyed and razed to the ground by the religious-minded and justice-loving Sultan Sikandar- God bless his grave and bless him-had been rebuilt and rehabilitated by Zainu'l 'Abidin. He had permitted idolators and polytheists to revive the practices of infidelity and they had propagated heresy (kufr) and false religion (din-i batil). With the support of some more kings,[96] the infidels had flourished day after day. But with the support and authority of Malik Musa Raina, Amir Shamsu'd-Din Muhammad undertook a wholesale destruction of all those idol-houses [97] as well as the total ruination of the very foundation of infidelity and disbelief. On the site of every idol-house he destroyed, he ordered the construction of a mosque for offering prayers after the Islamic manner.”The idolatory and heresy which had existed prior to his coming to this place were effectively replaced by his preaching and propagation of Islamic laws and practices. He brought honour to all the infidels and heretics (zandiqa) of Kashmir by admitting them to the Islamic faith and bestowed upon them many kinds of rewards and benefactions. It is publicly known as well as emphatically related that during his life-time, with the virtuous efforts and elaborate arrangements made by the fortunate Malik Musa Raina, twenty-four thousand families of staunch infidels and stubborn heretics were ennobled by being converted to the Islamic faith. [99] It is difficult to compute the number of people who had hitherto indulged in corrupt practices of a wrong (false) faith and dissent and were put on the right track under the proper guidance of Mir Shamsu'd-Din 'Iraqi .[99]In fact the transmitter of (God's) grace (Mir Shams 'Iraqi) conferred favours upon the righteous Malik Musa Raina and gave him blessings which enabled him to fulfill that cherished task. Indeed, fortunate is one who has been able to become the recipient of such special consideration at the hands of a highly venerable and elderly person like him (Amir Shamsu'd-Din). After Sultan Sikandar-God's peace be upon him-no one among the Muslims who wielded authority over this country rendered as much service to Islam by its propagation and advancement as Malik Musa Raina did. Nobody was able to make as organized an effort as he did towards the advancement and furtherence of the Muhammadan religion.
Please look at how the kings viewed their acts.One thought he would get peace by destroying temples.Sultan Sikander has been defined as religious minded and justice loving by the historians of the day while in no case has Kalhana supported or even condoned breaking of religious places.He heaped scorn on kings who resorted to this.Now that’s the difference. While Muslim Kings, their Amirs and even most Muslim Historians thought that the King was indulging in act of religious righteousness, kings belonging to other faiths had no such grandiose megalomania of reaching heaven (where houris would await them) by resorting to such acts. It makes an important reading into the mindset of the Muslim rulers.They clearly saw a holy purpose of converting “people of false faiths” like Hindus,Buddhists,Jainas and other heterodox religions to the only “true religion”.In their understanding of Islam they were doing great acts and their Amirs and most Historians of that period(especially the foreign historians who came with them ) supported this sickness unlike Kalhana who outrightly condemned these acts. Read the Last line of my reference from the Bharistan-i-ShahiNobody was able to make as organized an effort as he did towards the advancement and furtherence of the Muhammadan religion.
Here we are.The purpose is clear “Advancement and Furtherance of the Mohammedan Religion”.
Tarikh-i-Hasan Khuihami For details of forcible conversion of Hindus to Islam and their massacre in case they refused to be converted, see Tarikh-i-Hasan Khuihami; pp. 178-80. One significant detail is that three kharwars (one kharwar is approximately equal to eighty kilograms) of Hindu ceremonial thread (zunnar) were burnt by Sultan Sikandar. (Tarikh-i-Hasan Khuihami, Pir Ghulam Hasan, Vol II, RPD,* Srinagar 1954.) Other Sources for Sikander Butshikan aloneThis is what historians (mostly Muslims) have to say."He [Sikandar] prohibited all types of frugal games. Nobody dared to commit acts which were prohibited by the Sharia. The Sultăn was constantly busy in annihilating the infidels and destroyed most of the temples..." (Haidar Malik Chădurăh: Tărîkh-i-Kashmîr; edited and translated into English by Razia Bano, Delhi, 1991, p. 55.)"[He] strove to destroy the idols and temples of the infidels. He got demolished the famous temple of Mahădeva at Bahrăre. The temple was dug out of its foundation and the hole (that remained) reached the water table. Another temple at Jagdar was also demolished… Răjă Alamădat had got a big temple constructed at Sinpur. (...) The temple was destroyed [by Sikandar]." (Khwăjah Nizămu’d- Dîn Ahmad bin Muhammad Muqîm al-Harbî: Tabqăt-i-Akbarî translated by B. De, Calcutta, 1973)"Sikander burnt all books the same way as fire burns hay". "All the scintillating works faced destruction in the same manner that lotus flowers face with the onset of frosty winter." (Srivara, Zaina Ra-jtarangini). This I am giving more for its poetic value rather than what it says.Also please do pay attention to the following
"At the behest of Shams Iraqi, Musa Raina had ordered 1500 to 2000 infidels to be brought to his door-steps every day by his followers. They would remove their sacred threads, administer Kalima to them, circumcise them and thrust lumps of beef into their mouths,'' mentions Tohfatul Ahbab.
Role of so-called Sufis:
While no one can deny the fact that Kashmir was greatly influenced by Sufism and has produced some great Sufi saints and mystic poets(both Hindus and Muslims),we must stay clear of attaching a Sufi tag to every Muslim Godman.On one hand we have the great Sufi Tradition of Nund Rishi,Shams Faqir,Ahmed batwario,Rahim Saab,Swoch Kral,Prakesh Ram Kurigami,Govind Kaul,Ahmed Dar, on the other we have self styled god-men like Bul Bul Shah and Syed Ali Hamdani on whom this label of Sufi is stuck to make them more palatable to the larger masses.Syed Ali Hamdani or Shah-I Hamdan as he is popularly called by Kashmiri Muslims is widely regarded as the man responsible for conversion of Kashmiris to Islam.As we already know that the Shah-i-Hamadan mosque was built after demolishing a Kali temple(and there are enough historical records to prove that, apart from the fact that to this day Pandits perform prayers alongside the converted structure).

That not-withstanding I would like to inform the readers that before Shah-i-Hamadan left Kashmir he ordered the king to impose the following sanctions on Non-Muslims.I am enumerating them for your reading please.

1) The Hindus will not construct any new temples under the rule of Muslims.

2) They will not repair old temples fallen into ruins.

3) They will respect Muslims.

4) They will not dress like Muslims.

5) They will not ride a horse with saddle & bridle

6) They will not put on a ring.

7) They will not carry swords or bows & arrows.

8) They will not adopt Muslim names

9) They will not harbour spies or act as spies

10) If any relation of their’s wants to embrace Islam, they will not oppose it.

11) If a Muslim comes to attend a Hindu meeting he will be respectfully received.

12) They will receive Muslim travelers into their houses & provide them hospitality.

13) They will not prevent Muslim travelers from staying in their temples & shrines.

14) They will not mourn their dead loudly.

15) They will not buy Muslim slaves.

16) They will not build houses in neighbourhood of Muslims.

17) They will not sell intoxicating drinks.

18) They will not carry their dead near the grave-yards of Muslims.

19) They will not openly practice their customs & usages among Muslims.

20) They will not give up their traditional dress so that they can be distinguished from Muslims.

In the end the fiat in the form of an advice dictated if any Hindu dares to flout any of conditions, he should be first looted and then possession of his body is halal(Zakhiratul- Muluk).(Source:Dr.Qayoom Rafiquee’s doctoral thesis titled”Sufism in Kashmir”)In case this is not enough proof for anybody’s flight of fancy which makes him believe that Islam spread peacefully here are some examples from the same thesis.If this isn’t persecution in the name of religion then I wonder what is.

Writes Dr. Qayoom Rafiquee, “Mir Mohammad was not ready to give the status of Zimmis to the Hindus of Kashmir and treated them as kafirs who were not obedient to Islam, but were at war with it”.Sufism in Kashmir, P-101

Again to quote Rafiquee, ‘the medieval Muslim sources inform us emphatically that infidelity was uprooted from Kashmir through the influence of Mir Mohammad’.Sufism in Kashmir 101.

And sadly some of us have the cheek to say Islam in Kashmir spread through divinity and personal example of missionaries.This should put to rest any imaginative thought processes of Islam spreading in Kashmir through “divine incarnation of Dervishes and examples set by missionaries”.If someone still wants to stick to his point then I hope the same divinity that dawned on our forefathers in Kashmir dawns on him too.
For post 1989 I dont have to resort to books of History but thankfully we have pictures of desecrated Hindu Temples.There are some on this blog itself.Here is a link in case you wish to get a complete update.

8 comments:

Ajaz Ahmed Kashmiri said...

Dear Rashneek,
You have quoted the acts of people. You have not quoted from the scriptures.You cannot blame the school for the fault of students. Can you blame christianity for the faults of Hitler? Can you blame Hinduism for the fault of Brahmin extremists who demolished and burnt down thousands of Bhudist places of worship? Can you blame Hinduism for the blunder of demolishing Babri Masjid by Jan Sangh?...NO.. you cannot. Similarly you cannot blame Islam for the fault of some bad Muslim rulers. Muslim Afghan rulers have opressed most the Kashmiri muslims and they were helped by Kashmiri pundits.
Further, If the inhabitants of a particular area become Muslims, Christians or Hindus, it is their right to destroy or remake the places of worship. So what is wrong when majoirty of Kashmiris became Muslim(either by force or willfully)places of worship were changed to suit their new faith. Be thankful that at least you have Mandir besides these shrines.

Anonymous said...

Dear Ajaz,

point 1) Yes you are right when you say that school can't be blamed for the fault of "few students" but on the contrary if you find something wrong in majority of the students then you need to spare a greater thought on school itself.

Point 2 :I agree that Islam in general should not be blamed as it is the wrong interpretation of Islam by its followers because of ignorance which leads some of them to the wrong path.

Point 3 :When you say
"If the inhabitants of a particular area become Muslims, Christians or Hindus, it is their right to destroy or remake the places of worship."

Yes it is their right to make places of worship for them but its in no way correct to destroy the places of worship of the people who have a different faith.
As per your logic then demolition of babri structure was correct because majority (70%)of people in india are Hindus and not only that all the hindus have a right to destroy each and every mosque in india ...

Point 4 :All people can decide to beleive in any faith , they are free to convert but foreceful conversion should be condemned.
Will it be ok for you if tomorrow 827000000 hindus of india decide to convert all muslims of india to hindus otherwise kill them ...

Alok

KASHUR said...

Guys I have a letter for you-
Written by a Kashmiri Pandit.
Just here at

www.umerkashmiri.blogspot.com

Hope it solves the land grab tangle

Anonymous said...

Ajaz,
Agreeing with your statement that there is no point blaming a doctrine when the acts are responsibilities of the people. I have just one question.

For all the instances of 'demolition' by Hindu brahmins of Budhdhist places of worship or the Afghan incident, can you please cite your references? Without references, your talk could be termed meaningless...
Thanks.
Sarang

Rashneek said...

Ajaz,

Next I will carry a piece on the Quranic Injunctions which clearly exhort muslims to kill,maim,rape and destroy infidels.
Keep watching this space.

Rashneek

KASHUR said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Kashmirviews said...

And do bring in the verses from Gita where Sri Kirshna insists Arjun to fight and kill his own brothers....

Alok said...

Dear Rasneek,
Just i want to share my opinion with... let us not forget our motive.. ( Return back to kashmir our homeland pannun Kashmir with dignity ) You are not fighting againist Islam... So in my opinion when you say you will quote verses from the holy Quran to highlight rape , killing etc it is not correct. We are not experts on that and even if we were it can hurt others which i hope is not your motive,our motive... Motive is make world aware of the what has has happened with kashmiri pandits and what is the presently happeneing , aim is to let know also kashmiri muslim youth that what they did in 1990 was shameful and history would never forgive them for that. The motive is to make them aware of their misdeeds so that there is a transformation.
And Mr Kashmiri you should also resist your self to make comments on bhagvat gita.Have you read Bhagvat gita and even if you have read have you understood it? It takes people ages to understand these holy books like Quran , Gita or Bibile etc.. It speaks volumes about the kind of imaturity , blindness due to emotion, anger and ego when we ( you , me everyone ) starts targeting the holy books ( words of God )
Alok Bhat